Turkey draws up long-term strategy to combat climate change

The Turkish government is working on a long-term climate change strategy and action plan that will help the country meet its targets under the Paris Agreement.

With the signing of the agreement, Turkey’s efforts to combat climate change are gaining further momentum. In light of these developments, the government hopes to complete the work on a national contribution statement and a long-term climate change strategy and action plan by the end of the year.

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan last September announced the country’s 2053 zero-emissions and green development targets and confirmed it would be a party to the Paris Agreement at the 76th UN General Assembly.

Thus, the country ratified the agreement and the Paris Agreement came into force on November 10, 2021. It then participated in the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, Scotland, as a party to the pact.

Since then, Turkey has been working to map out a new roadmap and has started a strategic planning process to support sustainable development, a green economy and green technology, in line with the goals of the agreement.

Ratification of the Paris Agreement is a key step in Turkey’s fight against climate change. It was approved by Parliament on October 6, following President Erdogan’s announcement at the UN General Assembly.

The decision on ratification was published in the State Gazette on 7 October and reported to the United Nations Secretariat on 11 October.

As part of the series of changes that followed, the Ministry of Environment changed its name to the Ministry of Environment, Urbanization and Climate Change on October 29, 2021, and established the Ministry of Climate Change.

The Coordinating Agency for Climate Change and Adaptation was also restructured to accelerate its work in areas related to climate change.

In this context, the first meeting of the Climate Change and Adaptation Coordinating Board was held under the leadership of the Minister of the Environment Murat Kurum.

The meeting discussed updating the national contribution statement, preparation of a long-term low-carbon development strategy and the Climate Law.

It also discusses project proposals and joint studies in priority areas within the scope of the memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed with the Green Climate Fund in October last year.

The MoU aims to support climate-friendly investments in areas such as industry, agriculture, transportation, energy, waste, construction, clean energy and micro-mobility with over $3.1 billion in funding as the country accelerates efforts to combat the climate. crisis.

Climate Council Assistance in Konya

Turkey also convenes the Climate Council in Konya, central Anatolia in February 2022, to define a new roadmap in fighting climate change.

More than a thousand participants, consisting of public institutions, private sector, universities, businesses, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), artists and youth climate ambassadors, contributed to this forum.

At the council, Turkey’s new roadmap was defined in seven different areas such as greenhouse gas reduction, green finance, carbon pricing, adaptation to climate change, local government, migration, just transition and social policy, science and technology.

After three months of hard work, 217 new decisions were taken in line with the 2053 zero emission and green development targets in the context of fighting climate change.

Council decisions lay the groundwork for local government climate change practices and responsibilities, urban infrastructure planning, sustainable and resilient city design, and contribute to the development of support mechanisms.

This decision will ensure a new, sustainable, fair and equitable transition process, in line with the 2053 net-zero emission target.

They are expected to provide benefits such as the creation of a national green finance strategy, the development of a national green taxonomy law and an emissions trading system.

In addition, the ministry seeks to combat climate change through the establishment of disaster early warning systems in natural areas and urban centers of 81 provinces with Turkey’s National Climate Portal while encouraging citizens and cities to ensure widespread use of eco-friendly products. housing and vehicles.

The most important factor in the success of this study was the “Laws of the Climate”. The Ministry of the Environment is conducting a study that will form the basis for the law.

In addition, the Ministry is also continuing to study the emission trading system and the national green taxonomy which will be implemented in 2024.

To that end, the ministry is also preparing legislation that aims to determine the sustainability of investments. As such, it aims to support the opening of private sector access points to green finance.

The ministry is expected to finalize a statement of Turkey’s national contribution and its long-term climate change strategy and action plan by the end of this year.

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