FG, states should contain monkeypox outbreak

It has already devastated many other deadly diseases, and the report of 46 cases and one death from monkeypox this year adds to Nigeria’s massive health challenges. As of May 29, the Nigeria Center for Disease Control said, 21 cases have been confirmed, which occurred in nine states and the Federal Capital Territory. The only fatality was that of a 40-year-old patient who had a pre-existing underlying disease. Federal and state governments need to activate disease control mechanisms to contain this disease and others.

Nigeria is fighting health wars on multiple fronts, aided by poor health infrastructure, inadequate investment in healthcare, lack of access to quality health services, and a stagnant health workforce. Diseases spread throughout the country. These include Lassa fever, cholera and measles. It has also been caught up in the COVID-19 pandemic. Recently, monkeypox also announced its fearsome existence.

Described by the World Health Organization as a zoonotic disease with accidental human infection, it usually occurs in forest parts of Central and West Africa. This disease is caused by the monkeypox virus. It is transmitted from person to person by exposure to droplets through exhalation, and by contact with infected skin lesions or contaminated materials.

The usual incubation period for monkeypox is six to 13 days, or five to 21 days; The disease is often self-limiting with symptoms that resolve spontaneously within 14 to 21 days. Symptoms can be mild or severe, and the lesions can be very itchy or painful. The animal’s reservoir remains unknown, although rodents are prime suspects. Contact with live and dead animals through hunting and consumption of wild game or “bush meat” are known risk factors.

The National Center for Disease Control and Prevention says Nigeria has had sporadic incidents of monkeypox since 2017: 88 cases were confirmed that year. In 2018, there was a decrease with 49 confirmed cases; 47 cases were reported in 2019, and in 2020, only eight cases were reported, but 34 confirmed cases were reported in 2021.

Of the cases reported so far this year, 15 have occurred in six states and FCT – Adamawa (three), Lagos (three), Cross River (two), FCT (two), Kano (two), Delta (two) , and imo (one).

It is a global scourge. By June 1, WHO Director-General Tedros Ghebreyesus said 550 confirmed cases had been reported in 30 countries where the virus is not endemic. While it is endemic to the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, Cameroon, and many other countries, it first appears in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Israel, and Italy, among others. Global health authorities have not yet determined the cause of the recent rise in the number of infections. But some countries are not waiting, and the United States and Canada have already begun investigations into the cause of the recent outbreak. Nigeria should intensify its cooperation with WHO and other countries to benefit from the emerging body of knowledge.

WHO recommends strengthening surveillance and ending its transmission. He said: “We are in a position where we can use public health tools for early identification, support case isolation. We can stop human-to-human transmission.” The National Council for Disease Control and Prevention and federal and state health authorities must take this message seriously. They must intensify awareness programs and activate anti-epidemic measures at all levels. The country’s health system is already under great strain in the fight against the ubiquitous coronavirus, measles, Lassa fever, cholera and malaria.

In May, the United Kingdom linked a confirmed case of monkeypox on its soil to Nigeria. This adds to Nigeria’s concerns, indicating the possibility of the virus spreading at home and the possibility of foreign countries imposing another round of travel restrictions or strict entry requirements on Nigerian travelers. The NCDC’s director general, Ifedayo Adetifa, insists that there has not yet been a large-scale outbreak in the country. China has already, among other measures, issued alerts to all its entry points, and stepped up airport inspections and testing arrangements, Xinhua news agency reported.

Nigeria must not repeat the neglect of its government and officials who allowed the coronavirus to enter the country despite weeks of advance warning to put preemptive firewalls in place. Between the first reported case of COVID-19 in February 2020 and June 2, Nigeria has recorded 25,6202 confirmed cases and 3,143 deaths. The country has suffered full or partial lockdowns in its most productive states and has spent billions fighting the disease and providing services to mitigate its impact. Such blunders should be avoided, including failure to purchase, store and make appropriate arrangements for the administration of vaccines. Last month, the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control launched a raft of measures, including isolation of suspected cases, stockpiling of the smallpox vaccine and a community awareness campaign.

Although scientists have ruled out universal vaccination for now, governments should immediately obtain medicines and isolation centers to manage monkeypox. The habit of relying almost entirely on donor intervention should be discontinued.

There is no single proven cure for monkeypox yet, but experts recommend the drugs used to treat smallpox and other treatments. Some doctors hope that the smallpox vaccine will be effective against monkeypox.

The government must urgently increase the surveillance response and ensure the adequacy of all necessary medications. It shouldn’t wait for a big surge in cases and deaths, but a similar but smaller task force to the Presidential Steering Committee on COVID-19 should be created to coordinate monkeypox control.

Countries reporting cases must take containment measures while those who do not have the disease must conduct effective surveillance to keep them abroad. Monkeypox disease.

Citizens must learn to take responsibility for their own health by observing all hygiene and disease control protocols. The National Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s (NCDC) advice to avoid eating bushmeat should be taken seriously, ensuring foods are cooked properly, washing hands regularly, and continued use of hand sanitizers.

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