CDC is monitoring 6 people in the US for possible rare monkeypox, and says the public ‘shouldn’t be concerned’

Currently, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is monitoring six people in the United States for possible monkeypox infections after they sat near an infected traveler who developed symptoms during a flight from Nigeria to the United Kingdom in early May.

Separately, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention officials are investigating a confirmed monkeypox case of a Massachusetts man who recently traveled to Canada. The New York City Department of Health is investigating the possibility of a patient currently at Bellevue Hospital being infected.

Meanwhile, recent monkeypox infections have been identified in several other regions around the world where the virus does not normally spread, including Canada, Great Britain, Italy, Northern Ireland and Spain.

“We have a level of scientific concern about what we’re seeing because this is a very unusual situation. Typically monkeypox is only reported in West Africa or Central Africa, and we don’t see it in the United States or in Europe — said Jennifer McQuiston, deputy director of the Division of Pathogens and Biosciences. Diseases at the National Center for Emerging and Animal Infectious Diseases, to the CDC, “The number of cases being reported is definitely outside the normal range of what we’re seeing,” CNN told CNN Thursday.

“At the same time, there aren’t really many cases reported – I think maybe a dozen, a few dozen – so the general public shouldn’t be concerned that they are at immediate risk for monkeypox,” she said. “We are working through investigations.”

In general, “we have people monitored for disease all the time,” Kristen Pearson, a spokeswoman for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, wrote in an email Thursday. This means that if someone is exposed to pathogens, their health is monitored, and they should see doctors if they develop symptoms.

As for the six people currently being monitored for possible monkeypox, they are all “in good health, asymptomatic and considered to be at risk of monkeypox,” Pearson wrote, adding that none of them sat next to the sick passenger and none of them had contact. Live.

As the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s investigation continues, discussions are beginning to include the topic of vaccines.

CDC “discuss and evaluates” smallpox vaccine

McCoyston said CDC officials are evaluating whether the smallpox vaccine should be offered to health care workers who treat monkeypox patients and other people who may be “at high risk” of exposure to monkeypox.

“It’s definitely something we are discussing and evaluating, whether introducing a smallpox vaccine makes sense in the current situation,” she said. “We’ll be closer to making recommendations for that in the next day or so.”

Smallpox virus and monkeypox virus are somewhat related because they belong to the scientific family of “pox” viruses. Therefore, some vaccines given to prevent smallpox have also been shown to prevent monkeypox. Although there is an association between viruses, monkeypox is less contagious than smallpox and causes less severe disease.

“We have vaccines that are in stock and available for use, and if they are judged as a way to help manage this outbreak, we have the availability to use them,” McKeston said.

“I would say we are in the early days of understanding the cause of this outbreak – and the fact that we are seeing cases reported in multiple places around the world suggests that it may have been happening for two weeks,” she said. “As we work to complete and go over our investigations, we hope to have much stronger recommendations for people.”

According to the CDC, monkeypox, a viral disease, is rare in the United States, and the virus does not occur naturally in the country. However, cases linked to international travel or the import of animals from areas where the disease is most prevalent have been identified. Following animal-to-human transmission of the virus, human-to-human transmission of monkeypox can occur when a person encounters the virus through direct contact with: large respiratory droplets, bodily fluids, or lesions on the skin.
Symptoms of monkeypox can include fever, headache, muscle aches, and swollen lymph nodes. A feature of the disease is that it can cause lesions and rashes on the body, including the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet.

“This is not a disease that is going to sweep the country,” Dr. Daniel Bausch, president of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Health, told CNN Thursday.

“From a public health standpoint, of course, we need to investigate and respond – I think the general public should be aware of this – but there is certainly no reason to panic and I think it’s very unlikely that there will be any kind of a large-scale outbreak of this disease.” “And if you don’t have a connection in Massachusetts and you’re not related to the person with the disease or in that link at all — until we have any other reason to expect or understand how this disease will enter the United States — your risk of getting monkeypox is really low.”

monkey pox puzzle

Doctors in Massachusetts Wearing the same personal protective equipment they would for Covid-19 patients, he treats a US monkeypox patient at the special pathogen unit inside Massachusetts General Hospital, where he was originally diagnosed.

“They were undergoing a symptomatic examination, and an infectious disease doctor seeing the patient, and identifying with some cases in the UK, decided that the patient might have monkeypox,” said Dr Erica Shinoy, medical director of the emerging regional centre. The Special Pathogen Treatment Center and the associate chief of the infection control unit at Massachusetts General Hospital told CNN Thursday.

“Then we had discussions with state public health officials. And the decision was made that yes, they met the testing criteria,” Shenoy said. The patient’s examination result was positive.

“I think for the public in general, there is no clear risk at this point,” Shenoy said. “This is an evolving situation that we look forward to understanding better – why these clusters have also been reported in the UK, Portugal and Spain, and to better understand the epidemiology.”

In both the UK and Canada, health authorities have noted that many cases of monkeypox have been identified in men who have sex with men – but the virus is not usually described as a sexually transmitted infection, and investigations into these latter cases are continuing.
Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of a smallpox-like disease were seen in monkey colonies kept for research, giving rise to the name “monkeypox,” according to the CDC. The first human case of monkeypox was reported years later in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, at a time when extensive efforts were being made to eradicate smallpox.
In the United States, the last outbreak of monkeypox was in 2003, when 47 confirmed and probable cases were reported in six states: Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “No cases of monkeypox virus infection have been attributed to personal contact.”

The CDC found that almost all people infected with monkeypox during that outbreak became ill after contact with pet prairie dogs. These pets were housed in animal sellers’ facilities in Illinois where they may have contracted the virus. The facilities included other small mammals imported from Ghana that had tested positive for monkeypox virus: two giant African sack rats, nine lizards, and three rope squirrels.

“Prairie dogs caught monkeypox from imported animals and then passed it on to humans,” Bausch said. “It’s a bit of a misnomer to call it monkeypox. The reservoir of this virus, the natural reservoir in nature is probably certain species of rodents.”

US Surgeon General Dr. Vivek Murthy said Thursday that people should not worry about monkeypox at this point, but should be aware of the symptoms and when to seek help.

Murthy explained on New Day to CNN that monkeypox is rare in humans, “but when it does appear, it’s a serious matter that we have to investigate, and we have to make sure we understand if and how it spreads from person to person.”

The symptoms are generally similar to those of the flu, John Berman and Erica Hill told CNN.

“The good news is that we have one confirmed case at the moment. But we must be on the lookout for more cases,” he said. “At this time, we don’t want people to worry. At this point, again, these numbers are still small – we want them to be aware of these symptoms and if they have any concerns to get in touch with their doctor.”

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